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Infant Baptism: Two Texts, Five Brief Thoughts

Two Texts

Luke 18

15 Then they also brought infants to Him that He might touch them; but when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. 16 But Jesus called them to Him and said, “Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of God. 17 “Assuredly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it.”

Mark 10

16 And He took them up in His arms, laid His hands on them, and blessed them.

Observations on the Texts

In this text we observe:

  • infants
  • Jesus to touch them
  • Let the little children come to me
  • for of such (versus adults) is the kingdom of God
  • whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it
  • Jesus laid hands on the infants
  • Jesus blessed them

Five Brief Thoughts

First, there is no denying that the little children were infants.[i]

Second, He blessed them.

What blessing was this? Did He say something like, “Be clothed, be fed, be housed, be warm.” No. He said the kingdom of God belongs to them. He blessed them with the kingdom. How can the kingdom belong to them, yet Baptism is withheld from them?

Third, the prejudice in favor of adult-only Baptism is exactly what greatly displeased (Mark 10:14) Jesus, and what He rebuked. The deniers of infant Baptism claim we must be like adults when Jesus says we must be like little children.

Fourth, how can the kingdom of God belong to someone without faith? Doesn’t God say, “Without faith it is impossible to please him?” And don’t the critics of infant baptism say infants should not be baptized because they cannot believe? But if Jesus gave them the kingdom, they can believe, and thus they can be in the promise of God, “He who believes and is baptized will be save.” (Mark 16:16)

Fifth, which is a bigger obstacle to faith? Infancy or sin? Sin is the greater obstacle, and adults are hardened in sin. In Baptism, God overcomes obstacles to faith, and infancy is a small obstacle compared to sin.

[i] The quoted translation is NKJV. Some additional translations that also render “infants” are KJV, ESV, and HCSB. Tyndale renders the clause, “They brought vnto him also babes yt he shuld touche.” LEB renders “Now they were bringing even their babies to him.” NET2 renders, “Now people were even bringing their babies to him.” Mickelson’s Enhanced Strong’s Dictionaries of the Greek and Hebrew Testaments, “βρέφος brephos (ɓre’-fos) n. an infant, (properly) unborn.” Thayer’s Greek Lexicon, “βρέφος, βρέφους, τό; a. an unborn child, embryo, fetus: Luk 1:41; Luk 1:44; (Homer, Iliad 23, 266; Plutarch, rep. Stoic. 41 τό βρέφος ἐν τῇ γαστρί). b. a new-born child, an infant, a babe (so from Pindar down): Luk 2:12; Luk 2:16; Luk 18:15; Act 7:19; 1Pe 2:2; ἀπό βρέφους from infancy, 2Ti 3:15 (so ἐκ βρέφους, Anth. Pal. 9, 567).” The same word is used in 1 Peter 2:2, “As newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word.”